臺南市雙語教學國小首創中英雙語自然科試卷,國際學者訪視讚「Brilliant!」NCKU hosts international conference on bilingual education

2017-11-18

臺南市8所雙語教學國小於106學年度正式上路,包括2所雙語實驗小學與6所雙語教學試辦國小(以下稱2+6校),以英語教授其他科目如自然、綜合活動、生活、科技、藝文、健康與體育等。為提供未來臺南市擴辦雙語教學國小之研究基礎與教學計畫建議,臺南市政府第二官方語言專案辦公室(以下稱二官辦)委託國立成功大學外語中心進行為期一年之「臺南市試辦雙語教學計畫成效研究專案」,由成大高實玫教授、鄒文莉教授及陳慧琴助理教授主持,並於11月18至19日假成大辦理「2017國小學科內容與語言整合學習研討會」(Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL) for Primary Education),邀請國際學者、國內大專院校專家學者、以及各縣市國小行政人員與教師參與。

    此次共四位國際學者參與研討會,包括香港城市大學英語系系主任Diane Pecorari教授、奧地利學者Erwin Gierlinger,以及西班牙學者Elisabet Pladevall和Ana Llinares。為協助國際CLIL學者瞭解臺南市辦理雙語教學情形,成大特別於11月17日安排四位學者至西門實小、崇明國小及東區勝利國小觀課。

    訪視西門實小的香港城市大學英語系Diane Pecorari博士,對於西門實小自然科的課程安排深感興趣。西門實小目前以英語教授自然、綜合活動及生活課,由外籍教師和本地教師協同教學,教學內容和進度依據教育部課綱進行。以自然為例,每週3節的自然課,2節以英語授課,1節以中文授課。Diane Pecorari博士認為這樣的設計相當重要,她強調以英語教授其他科目必須非常用心規劃,以免弱化母語的學習。此外,西門實小首創中英雙語自然科考卷,試卷60%為英語,40%為中文,Diane Pecorari博士認為試卷設計「非常棒」(Brilliant!),有助於兼顧中英雙語的學習。西門實小呂翠鈴校長指出,學校開始辦理雙語教學後,家長對於學生的英語進展很滿意,更重要的是,「不論學生來自貧窮或富有的家庭,都享有學習英語的平等機會」,而且,以英語教其他科目,也不會增加學生的學習時數和負擔。

    赴東區勝利國小觀課的西班牙學者Llinares博士及Pladevall博士則分享西班牙推動國小CLIL教學過程中,克服師資不足的做法。Llinares博士表示,西班牙首都馬德里及鄰近都會區國中小推動CLIL教學將近20年,「雙語課程由西班牙本地教師教學,外籍教師(英語為母語之教師)扮演輔助角色」。由於西班牙國小教師教英語和一般科目,因此西班牙政府所採取的CLIL教師英語門檻為歐洲語言能力分級架構(CEFR)C1級(相當於全民英檢GEPT高級或劍橋國際英語認證CAE級),教師通過C1檢定後,還需參加CLIL教學法培訓,才能進行CLIL教學。來自西班牙加泰隆尼亞地區的Pladevall博士則指出,加泰政府對CLIL教師的英語門檻要求為B2,另因CLIL教師認證培訓機制及學校每週CLIL節數弱於馬德里地區,因此馬德里地區的CLIL教學仍強於加泰地區。

    二官辦主任李賢衛副秘書長指出,臺南市雙語教學的2+6校扮演領頭羊角色,需堅定走下去。李副秘書長除感謝2+6校師長辛苦的付出,也表示市府教育局和二官辦將持續與成大研究團隊及財團法人語言訓練測驗中心(LTTC)密切合作,進行「臺南市試辦雙語教學計畫成效研究專案」及相關測驗工作,為日後臺南市擴辦雙語教學國小建立標準及完善機制。

Scholars from Taiwan and abroad convened at National Cheng Kung University this weekend for the 2017 Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL) for Primary Education conference.  The conference was held to discuss the burgeoning bilingual programs in Taipei, New Taipei City, Hsinchu, Taichung, Kaohsiung and Tainan.  Event organizers hoped the conference would inform both policymakers and practitioners about current theories and best practices in the field of CLIL, an approach to bilingual education that has shown great success in Europe and is currently being adapted for use in Taiwanese schools. 

    Professors from prominent universities in Austria, Spain and Hong Kong presented keynote addresses tailor-made to help Tainan creatively approach implementation of CLIL, which favors the use of English to deliver non-language subjects like art, PE and science.  Educational leaders from five of the six special municipalities spoke as well, sharing the process of establishing bilingual programs in public schools within each of their cities.

    Lee Hsien-wei, Deputy Secretary-general of Tainan City and Director of the Office of English as the Second Official Language opened the conference by reminding attendees why Tainan schools are choosing to adopt bilingual education practices. “Our kids can do very well on TOEICs and TOEFLs, but listening and speaking skills are low.”  By using CLIL techniques in public schools, he hopes to increase spoken English proficiencies among Tainan’s students.

Alison Lu, principal of Simen Experimental Elementary School was among the presenters.  Lu outlined the process Simen has used to adopt CLIL practices, highlighting the necessity of local teachers to work with native English speaking teachers in every step of the educational process, from lesson planning and materials development to lesson delivery and student evaluation.  Indeed, Simen teachers produced bilingual exams for grades 3-6 science midterms without “creat(ing) anxiety for either students or parents.” According to experts, cooperation among teachers plays a pivotal role in building a successful bilingual program.

    “Your teachers work more effectively together than teachers in Spain,” said Ana Llinares, a professor from the Autonomous University of Madrid who studies English, bilingual and CLIL education.  Elisbet Pladevall-Ballester, another academic from Spain echoed her colleague’s sentiment: “I am impressed by the progress Tainan has made in such a short time.  Your teachers are so enthusiastic and dedicated.” 

    Both professors presented their research and its applications alongside Diane Pecorari, Head of the Department of English at City University of Hong Kong and Erwin Gierlinger, a professor of EFL Teaching at the University College of Education in Linz, Austria.  With the goal of informing successful pedagogical practices, the two-day symposium also featured speeches from more than two dozen Taiwanese teachers and professors who are adapting European CLIL models to better fit a local context.